A language of Afghanistan

Alternate Names
Munjani, Munjigi, Munjiwar

5,300 (2008 D. Beyer and S. Beck). Very few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 5,300.


Badakhshan province: Kuran wa Munjan district, Mamalgha and Munjan valleys.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Statutory language of provincial identity in Badakhshan Province (2004, Constitution, Article 16(2)).


Northern Munji, Southern Munji. Northern Munji and Southern Munji are mutually intelligible. The differences are found mostly in regular sound changes and some lexical items. Lexical similarity: 68% among dialects, 56%–80% with Yadgha [ydg] in Pakistan.

Language Use

Speakers view it as their secret language, and they perceive it as an advantage to have a language that is not commonly understood by outsiders. Home, community, at school. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Dari [prs], especially adults (nearly all).

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 15%–25%. Literature. Dictionary.


Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], in development. Arabic script, Nastaliq variant [Aran], used in handwriting and for book titles.

Other Comments

Little contact with Yadgha [ydg]. Muslim.

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