A language of United States

Alternate Names
Monache, Monachi

37 (1994 L. Hinton), decreasing. More than 20 speakers and 100 semispeakers of Western Mono. Under 30 speakers of Eastern Mono (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 1,000 Eastern Mono (Golla 2007).


California: Sierra Nevada west side, between Yosemite National Park and King Canyon National Park; Sierra Nevada east side, Owens Valley, Lone Pine north to Big Pine.

Language Status

8a (Moribund).


Eastern Mono, Western Mono. Related to Northern Paiute [pao].

Language Use

Speakers 50 and older. Shifting to English [eng].

Language Development
North Fork: informal language classes, dictionary under development; Big Sandy: language classes, wordlists. Each of the communities has sponsored language revival programs.
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