3,000 (2011 E. Zugasti). A few elderly monolinguals. Ethnic population: 12,100 (2004 INDEC).
Southeastern Chaco, north central Santa Fe provinces.
Preserved to a higher degree in Chaco Province than in Santa Fe Province; by the early 1990s already less than 50% maintained their ancestral language (2007). Home, friends, religion. Ages 40 and over. Children in 2 communities.