L1 users: No known L1 speakers. Ethnic population: 10,000 (1981 MARC).
Region Autonoma del Caribe Norte: highlands.
9 (Dormant). Statutory language of provincial identity in Atlantic Coast Autonomous Regions, North and South (1993, Official Language Use, Atlantic Autonomous Regions, Law No. 162, Articles 4 and 5).
Few traits of their pre-conquest American Indian culture remain.