A language of Papua New Guinea

Alternate Names
Ebadidi, Fagululu, Morima, Salakahadi

4,010 (2000 census), increasing.


Milne Bay province: Esa’ala district, Ebadidi, Ni’ubuo, and Salakahadi area inland villages on west Fergusson island; central west coast, Fagululu; central south coast, Molima.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Tola’ai, Ai’alu, Tosila’ai. Tola’ai most prominent; Ai’alu mainly spoken in Fagululu; Tosila’ai is from remote mountains and is shifting to Tola’ai. Lexical similarity: 56% with Dobu [dob].


SOV (shifts to OSV or SVO depending on focus); mostly postpositions.

Language Use

All domains. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Some also use Dobu [dob], especially men, church and community leaders, traders, and travelers.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: Adults 30%; children 7–12 yrs. 80%. Literacy rate in L2: 20%. Taught in primary schools, attended by almost 90% of children. Literature. NT: 2010.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Molima refers to the south coast, but sometimes to the whole area; Ebadidi, Salakahadi, Ni’ubuo and Fagululu refer to local areas. Traditional religion, Christian.

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