A language of Ethiopia

Alternate Names
Ajo, Ato Majang, Ato Majanger-Onk, Majanjiro, Masango, Masongo, Mesengo, Ojanjur, Tama

33,240, all users. L1 users: 32,800 (2007 census). L2 users: 440. 10,800 monolinguals.


Gambela and Oromia regions; Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ region: a long, narrow belt east of Gambela, and Guraferda south.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).


Minor dialect variation.


VSO; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question words final; suffixes indicate case, passives; reciprocal verb forms; verb affixes mark person, number, subject, object; many syllable patterns; tonal.

Language Use

Also use Amharic [amh]. Used as L2 by Shabo [sbf].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 21%. Taught as medium of instruction in Gambela State in the early grades. Taught in primary schools. Bible portions: 1993–2009.

Ethiopic script [Ethi], used until 1990s. Latin script [Latn], official in Gambela Region.

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.

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