A language of Ethiopia

Alternate Names
Ajo, Ato Majang, Ato Majanger-Onk, Majanjiro, Masango, Masongo, Mesengo, Ojanjur, Tama

32,800 (2007 census). 10,800 monolinguals. L2 users: 440.


Oromia and Gambela regions; Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ region: a long, narrow belt between Bure, east of Gambela, and Guraferda south.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).


Minor dialect variation.


VSO; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question words final; suffixes indicate case, passives; reciprocal verb forms; verb affixes mark person, number, subject, object; many syllable patterns; tonal.

Language Use

Also use Amharic [amh]. Used as L2 by Shabo [sbf].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 21%. Taught as medium of instruction in Gambela State in the early grades. Taught in primary schools. Bible portions: 1993.

Ethiopic script [Ethi], used until 1990s. Latin script [Latn], official in Gambela Region.

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.