Moronene

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A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Maronene
Population

37,000 (2000 D. Andersen), increasing. Wita Ea 23,000, Tokotu’a 14,000. Includes about 3,500 living in cities. Second or third generations in cities no longer speak Moronene. 1,850 monolinguals.

Location

Sulawesi Tenggara province: Bombana regency, Bombana district, Wita Ea village; Rumbia mountains on southeast mainland; Kabaena island, Tokotu’a village; mainland opposite Kabaena. Rumbia, Poleang, and Poleang Timur sub-districts (Wita Ea dialect).

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Wita Ea (Poleang, Rumbia), Tokotu’a (Kabaena). Lexical similarity: Wita Ea dialect 80% with Tokotu’a dialect; 68% with Menui dialect of Wawonii [wow], 66% with Kulisusu [vkl], 65% with Taloki [tlk], Koroni [xkq], Tulambatu dialect of Bungku [bkz], 64% with Bungku [bkz], and 57% with Tolaki [lbw].

Language Use

Vigorous in many villages. Occasional oral use in church, letter writing. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Bugis [bug], in Poleang. Also use Indonesian [ind], in some villages, especially some parents to their children.

Language Development
Taught as an oral and written subject in both elementary and secondary schools. Literature. Radio. NT: 2013.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Formerly a kingdom. Muslim.

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