A language of Thailand

Alternate Names
Luang, Ma Ku, Mabri, Malabri, Mla, Mla Bri, Mrabri, Phi Thong, Yellow Leaf, Yumbri

130 in Thailand (Bradley 2007a). Total users in all countries: 154.


Nan province: Na Noi and Wiang Sa districts; some likely in Uttaradit province; otherwise probably scattered elsewhere in northeast area.

Language Maps
Language Status

8a (Moribund).

Language Use

Also use Hmong Daw [mww], Northern Thai [nod].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 10%. Literacy rate in L2: 40% in Thai [tha].

Thai script [Thai].

Other Comments

Mlabri are different from the Kha Tong Luang (Phi Tong Luang, Yellow Leaf) in Laos, who are Western Viet-Muong (Wurm and Hattori 1981). Sometimes employed by the Hmong. Some nomadic. Traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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