A language of Thailand


Alternate Names
Luang, Ma Ku, Mabri, Malabri, Mla, Mla Bri, Mrabri, Phi Thong, Yellow Leaf, Yumbri
Language Maps

130 in Thailand (Bradley 2007a). Total users in all countries: 154.


Nan province: Na Noi and Wiang Sa districts; some likely in Uttaradit province; otherwise probably scattered elsewhere in northeast area.

Language Status

8a (Moribund).

Language Use

Also use Hmong Daw [mww], Northern Thai [nod].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 10%. Literacy rate in L2: 40% in Thai [tha].

Thai script [Thai].

Other Comments

Mlabri are different from the Kha Tong Luang (Phi Tong Luang, Yellow Leaf) in Laos, who are Western Viet-Muong (Wurm and Hattori 1981). Sometimes employed by the Hmong. Some nomadic. Traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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