A language of Thailand

Alternate Names
Luang, Ma Ku, Mabri, Mla, Mla Bri, Mrabri, Phi Thong, Yellow Leaf, Yumbri

130 in Thailand (Bradley 2007). Population total all countries: 154.


Phayao, Nan, Phrae, Utaradit, Phitsanuloke, Loey, and perhaps other provinces. Laos border area.

Language Maps
Language Status

8a (Moribund).

Language Use

Also use Hmong Daw [mww], Northern Thai [nod].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 0%–1%.


Thai script [Thai].

Other Comments

Mlabri are different from the Kha Tong Luang (Phi Tong Luang, Yellow Leaf) in Laos, who are Western Viet-Muong (Wurm and Hattori 1981). Sometimes employed by the Hmong. Some nomadic. Traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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