Manobo, Agusan


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Agusan, Manobo

60,000 (2002 SIL). 227,000 all Manobo (2005 UNSD).


Caraga region: Agusan del Norte province west; Agusan del Sur province, west area southeast of Lake Buluan; Surigao del Norte province south tip, inland; Surigao del Sur province southwest of Lanuza peninsula to Lianga bay; Davao region: Compostela Valley and Davao del Norte provinces’ north borders; Davao Oriental province scattered; Northern Mindanao region: Bukidnon province, scattered.

Language Maps
Language Status

5* (Developing).


Umayam, Adgawan, Surigao, Omayamnon. 83% intelligibility of Dibabawon [mbd]. Lexical similarity: 80% with Omayamnon dialect and other dialects, 85% with Dibabawon Manobo [mbd].


VSO; prepositions; genitives after noun heads; articles before noun heads, adjectives, numerals before and after noun heads; relatives after noun heads or without noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position, final as tag; maximum number of affixes: 4 prefixes, 1 suffix; word order distinguishes subject, object and direct objects, when noun marker is the same; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrase; verb affixes sometimes mark number; passives; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC; nontonal.

Language Use

Used as L2 by Rajah Kabunsuwan Manobo [mqk].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 54%. Literacy rate in L2: 55%–60%. Literature. Dictionary. NT: 1999–2001.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

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