250 (Tourneux 2004). 40,000 all Kotoko languages (Tourneux 2004).
Far North region: Logone-and-Chari division, Makari subdivision, northwest of Kousséri, Maltam, and Saho.
In rapid decline (Tourneux 2004). Also use Chadian Spoken Arabic [shu].
Latin script [Latn], developed in 1997, experimental.
‘Mandage’ is used by the Kotoko to refer to either the northern group of Kotoko languages (Mpade, Afade, Maslam [msv], Malgbe) or the Kotoko group as a whole (including Mser and Lagwan). Muslim.