Manobo, Cotabato


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Dulangan Manobo

30,000 (2007 SIL), increasing. 227,000 all Manobo (2005 UNSD). 5,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 30,000.


Soccsksargen region: Sultan Kudarat province, Kalamansig, Ninoy Aquino, and Palimbang municipalities; South Cotabato province, T’Boli municipality.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Tasaday, Blit.


VSO; prepositions; articles, adjectives, numerals all before noun heads; relatives after noun heads or without noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position; maximum number of affixes: 3 prefixes, 2 suffixes; word order distinguishes subject, object and direct objects, given and new information, topic and comment; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrase; passives; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC; nontonal.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Cebuano [ceb], Filipino [fil], Hiligaynon [hil]. Second languages acquired in school and community and used in schools, trade with non-Manobos, and government. Used as L2 by Tiruray [tiy].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 25%. Literacy rate in L2: 5%–10%. Literature. Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. NT: 1988–2005.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

Page Views Left: