A language of Peru

Alternate Names
Manu Park Panoan, Nahua, Parquenahua, Yoranahua, Yura, Yurahahua

450 (Crevels 2012). Possibly another 400 uncontacted speakers on the Upper Piedras River (Crevels 2007). Ethnic population: 450 (Crevels 2012).


Cusco and Ucayali regions: Sepahua on Urubamba river, Serjali on upper Mishagua; Madre de Dios region: Manu national park, on lower Cashpajali, upper Manu, and Panagua rivers.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


None known. Reportedly similar to Yaminahua [yaa] and Sharanahua [mcd].


SOV; postpositions; genitives, relatives, adjectives before noun head numerals after noun head; maximum prefix, 1; maximum suffix, 7 or 8; noun affixes indicate case; verb affixes mark person and number; ergative; CV, CVC, V, VC; tonal.

Language Use

Vigorous. Used by all. Also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: Below 5%. Bible portions: 2007–2012.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

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