Muskogee

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Creek
Population

4,470 (2015 census). Spoken by 4,000–6,000 residents of the former territory of the Muscogee Nation and Seminole Nation in Oklahoma and by fewer than 200 of the Seminole Tribe of Florida (Golla 2007). 45 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 52,000 (1997 C. Pye).

Location

Oklahoma: south Alabama Creek, Creek and Seminole; Florida: Seminole of Brighton Reservation.

Language Status

7 (Shifting). Language of registered tribe: Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town, Kialegee Tribal Town, Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Poarch Band of Creeks, Seminole Tribe of Florida, Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, Thlopthlocco Tribal Town.

Dialects

Creek, Seminole. Reportedly similar to Mikasuki [mik] in Florida. Dialects reportedly very similar.

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Church services, ceremonial speeches. Adults only. Most also use English [eng] (Golla 2007). Also use Mikasuki [mik]. Used as L2 by Natchez [ncz].

Language Development

Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. NT: 1886–1891. Courses taught at University of Oklahoma. Several schools introduce Creek in first primary years. Has been taught in one elementary school in Florida since 1979 (Golla 2007).

Writing

Latin script [Latn].

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