Marwari

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A language of Pakistan

Alternate Names
Jaiselmer, Marawar, Marwari Bhil, Marwari Meghwar, Merwari, Rajasthani
Population

L1 users: 220,000. 100,000 Northern Marwari, 120,000 or more Southern Marwari (1998). The latter 100,000 Marwari Bhil, 10,000 Marwari Meghwar, 12,000 to 13,000 Marwari Bhat.

Location

Punjab province: Bahawalnagar, Bahawalpur, and Rahim Yar Khan districts; Sindh province: widespread Karachi to Sukkur.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).

Dialects

Northern Marwari, Southern Marwari, Marwari Bhil, Marwari Meghwar, Marwari Bhat. Northern and Southern Marwari mutually inherently intelligible. May or may not be different from Marwari of India [rwr]. Lexical similarity: 79%–83% with Dhatki [mki], 87% between Southern and Northern Marwari, 78% with Marwari Meghwar and Marwari Bhat dialects. A member of macrolanguage Marwari [mwr].

Language Use

One sweeper community of 10,000–100,000 identifies itself as Marwari, but is undergoing rapid shift to Urdu [urd]. Marwari is not usually written. Also use Hindi [hin], Saraiki [skr]. Also use Sindhi [snd], especially educated people. Also use Urdu [urd], particularly the educated. Used as L2 by Jogi [jog].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: Below 5% in Sindhi [snd] or Urdu [urd]. Newspapers. Bible portions: 1969–1991.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], used in Sindh Province. Arabic script, Nastaliq variant [Aran], used in Punjab Province.

Other Comments

‘Rajasthani’ is a linguistic cover term for a group of languages. Speakers tend to be urban and educated. Northern Bhil tribes: Marwari-Thori, Gulguli, Shikari, Jogi, Sochi. Northern Marwari sub-dialects: Uganyo, Bhattipo, and Khadali; Southern Marwari sub-dialects: Utradi, Jaxorati, and Larecha. Hindu, Christian, Muslim.

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