A language of Pakistan

Alternate Names
Jaiselmer, Marawar, Marwari Bhil, Marwari Meghwar, Merwari, Rajasthani

220,000. 100,000 Northern Marwari, 120,000 or more Southern Marwari (1998). The latter 100,000 Marwari Bhil, 10,000 Marwari Meghwar, 12,000 to 13,000 Marwari Bhat.


Punjab province: Bahawalnagar, Bahawalpur, and Rahim Yar Khan districts; Sindh province: widespread Karachi to Sukkur.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).


Northern Marwari, Southern Marwari, Marwari Bhil, Marwari Meghwar, Marwari Bhat. Northern and Southern Marwari mutually inherently intelligible. May or may not be different from Marwari of India [rwr]. Lexical similarity: 79%–83% with Dhatki [mki], 87% between Southern and Northern Marwari, 78% with Marwari Meghwar and Marwari Bhat dialects. A member of macrolanguage Marwari [mwr].

Language Use

One sweeper community of 10,000–100,000 identifies itself as Marwari, but is undergoing rapid shift to Urdu [urd]. Marwari is not usually written. Also use Hindi [hin], Saraiki [skr]. Also use Sindhi [snd], especially educated people. Also use Urdu [urd], particularly the educated. Used as L2 by Jogi [jog].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: Below 5% in Sindhi [snd] or Urdu [urd]. Newspapers. Bible portions: 1969–1991.

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], used in Sindh Province. Arabic script, Nastaliq variant [Aran], used in Punjab Province.

Other Comments

‘Rajasthani’ is a linguistic cover term for a group of languages. Speakers tend to be urban and educated. Northern Bhil tribes: Marwari-Thori, Gulguli, Shikari, Jogi, Sochi. Northern Marwari sub-dialects: Uganyo, Bhattipo, and Khadali; Southern Marwari sub-dialects: Utradi, Jaxorati, and Larecha. Hindu, Christian, Muslim.

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