A language of China

Alternate Names
Boba, Manyak, Menya, Minyag, Minyak, Miyao, Munya

10,000 (Bradley 2007a), decreasing. 2,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 15,000 (Bradley 2007b).


Sichuan province: Ganzi (Garzê) Tibetan autonomous prefecture, Simian (Shimian) county, Ya’an district; Jiulong (Gyaisi) and Kangbo (Kangding).

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized nationality: Tibetan.


Eastern Muya, Western Muya. Dialects reportedly not mutually inherently intelligible. Loanwords from Tibetan and Chinese.


SOV; adjectives and number-classifier constructions follow noun heads; compounding; affixation; reduplication; consonant cluster onsets; tense-lax vowel distinction; nasalized vowels; tonal, 4 tones.

Language Use

All village domains. Some young people, all adults. Neutral attitudes. Most also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn], especially in the east. Some also use Khams Tibetan [khg], especially in the west.

Language Development

Videos. Dictionary. Texts.

Other Comments

Consider themselves Tibetan. Proper Tibetan Wylie spelling: Minyag. Buddhist.

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