Hmong Daw


A language of China

Alternate Names
Bai Miao, Banded Arm Hmong, Hmong Dleu, Hmong Qua Mpa, Meo Do, Meo Kao, Mong Do, Mong Trang, Pe Miao, Peh Miao, Striped Arm Hmong, Striped Hmong, White Hmong, White Lum, White Meo, White Miao

233,000 in China (2004). All Hmong in China: 8,950,000 (2000 census). Population total all countries: 1,698,400. Ethnic population: 8,950,000.


South and southwest Guizhou, northwest Guangxi, southeast and southwest Yunnan provinces. Also in France, Laos, Thailand, United States, Viet Nam.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


Largely intelligible with Hmong Njua [hnj], but sociolinguistic factors require separate literature for Hmong Daw.


Tonal, 7 tones

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 42% in Mandarin Chinese [cmn]. Radio programs. Dictionary. Bible: 2000.
Lao script. Latin script, primary usage. Miao (Pollard) script, used in China. Pahawh Hmong script. Thai script, used in Thailand.
Other Comments

Officially classified within Miao nationality. Traditional religion, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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