42,000,000 in Myanmar, all users. L1 users: 32,000,000 (Bradley 2007a), increasing. 250,000 Beik, 20,000 Yaw. L2 users: 10,000,000. Total users in all countries: 42,875,600 (as L1: 32,875,600; as L2: 10,000,000).
Widespread in central Myanmar.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1974, Constitution, Articles 102, 152(b), 198).
Beik (Merguese, Mergui), Yaw, Mandalay Burmese, Yangon Burmese. Diglossic high and low varieties.
SOV; noun head final; tense and aspect; 31 consonants, 8 vowels, 4 diphthongs; tonal (3 tones).
The official language name is Myanmar. Educated speech has many Pali borrowings. Buddhist.