Pirahã

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A language of Brazil

Alternate Names
Múra-Pirahã
Population

360 (2000 ISA). Most are monolingual. Ethnic population: 1,500 (1995 SIL). Pirahã small group, Múra larger.

Location

Amazonas, along Maici and Autaces rivers.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Múra.

Typology

SOV; whistle speech reported

Language Use

Vigorous. Most men understand Portuguese [por]; women understand very little and never use it to express themselves. The Múra have mostly shifted to Portuguese (Crevels 2007).

Language Development
Grammar. Bible portions: 1987.
Writing
Latin script.
Other Comments

In 1960s the population dwindled to 80 due to high infant mortality, death of mothers giving birth, and disease. Modern medicine helped population growth.