L1 users: 7,500 (Moore 2006). Ethnic population: 10,100 (2002 FUNASA).
Amazonas, Mato Grosso, and Pará states; middle Madeira, and middle and upper Tapajós rivers; 22 villages.
Vigorous. Grasslands villages quite monolingual. Also use Portuguese [por], especially those in Jacareacanga (with high proficiency), men (more than women) in Sai Cinza, those at the Roman Catholic mission on the Cururu, and men in villages along the Cururu (for trade). Many women know daily greetings. Used as L2 by Apinayé [apn].
Latin script [Latn].
Population formerly decimated by outsiders’ diseases and malaria, is presently growing. Traditional religion, Christian.