L1 users: 36,700 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 57,000 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 114,540.
Penzenskaya Oblast’, Orenburgskaya Oblast’, Samarskaya Oblast’,Ul’yanovskaya Oblast’, and Saratovskaya Oblast’.
None known. Quite different from Moksha [mdf].
Many children learn the language but most of them use it only with elderly relatives. Vitality higher in Eastern diaspora areas than in the Republic (Salminen 2007). Also use Russian [rus].
Cyrillic script [Cyrl].
Christian, traditional religion.