A language of Iran

Alternate Names
Gilaki, Mazandarani, Sari, Tabri

3,270,000 (1993), decreasing. Some monolinguals in rural areas.


North near Caspian Sea, Mazandaran Province; also in Semnan and Golestan provinces.

Language Status

7 (Shifting).


Gorgani, Mazanderani.

Language Use

Reportedly increased interest, but increasing desire for children to be educated and therefore be taught Iranian Persian [pes] as first language to better their opportunities. Home, market, work. Mainly adults. Neutral to positive attitudes. Many young people speak Iranian Persian [pes] as their first language; if one non-Mazandarani speaker is present, Iranian Persian is used.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Very low. Literacy rate in L2: Very high in Persian. The educated can read Farsi [pes] well. Radio programs. Films. TV. Grammar.

Arabic script [Arab].

Other Comments

Muslim (Shi’a).