Nambikuára, Southern


A language of Brazil

Alternate Names
Alaketesu, Anunsu, Nambikwara, Nambiquara

720 (Moore 2006). Ethnic population: 720 (Moore 2006).


Mato Grosso state: along Porto Velho-Cuiabá highway. 10 villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Manduka, Khithaulhu, Halotesu, Saxwentesu, Wakalitesu, Serra Azul, Hahaintesu, Wasusu, Alatesu, Waikisu, Galera, Sarare, Alaketesu, Anunsu.


SOV, tonal.

Language Use

Vigorous. Positive attitudes. Also use Portuguese [por].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 10%. Some bilingual education. Literature. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1992.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Manduca are semi-integrated. Population reduced from 10,000 to 600 in 1920s, 1930s, and 1950s by measles and other epidemics. Settlers from outside bring in agriculture, lumber, and mining which threaten the Nambikuára way of life. Manairisu is a subgroup. Traditional religion, Christian.

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