L1 users: 200,000 (Brenzinger 2013). Total users in all countries: 202,200.
Erongo, Kunene, and Otjozondjupa (Otiwarongo area) regions; south central near Ikaras and Hardap regions.
4 (Educational). Recognized language (2001, Education Act No. 16, Article 35), implemented by Ministry of Education, 2003.
Sesfontein-Dama (Sesfontein Damara), Namidama, Central Damara (Central Dama), Central Nama (Nama), Bondelswarts-Nama (Bondelswarts), Topnaar-Nama (Topnaar). Lexical similarity: Sesfontein Damara over 80% with central dialects, 80% with Haiom [hgm] (Haacke 2008).
SOV; postpositions; noun head final; gender (masculine/feminine/common); dual number; strongly suffixing; verb affixes mark person, number, object; passives; tense and aspect; 31 consonant and 8 vowel phonemes (including 20 clicks); tonal (3 tones: high, mid, low); inclusive/exclusive pronouns.
Can be studied up to doctoral level at University of Namibia, also used in administration. Used as L2 by Hai||om [hgm].
Latin script [Latn].