Nicaraguan Sign LanguagePrint
L1 users: 3,000 (1997 ANSNIC).
Scattered, especially Managua.
None known. Isolate, unrelated to other sign languages.
Vigorous. Increasing use among hearing people. All ages. Also use Spanish [spa].
Emerged around 1980 among deaf children at newly-established schools in Managua (Senghas and Coppola 2011), with gradually increasing complexity since then. One school has taught literacy using SignWriting, but this is not in widespread use.