Nez Perce

Print

A language of United States

Alternate Names
Niimíipu, Nuumiipuutimt
Autonym
Niimi’ipuutímt
Population

100 (1997 H. Aoki), decreasing. Spoken fluently only by a handful of elders on Nez Perce and Colville Reservations. 30–40 semispeakers, mostly in Idaho (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 610 (2000 census).

Location

Idaho: Kamiah and Lapwai on Nez Perce Reservation; Washington: east on Colville Reservation (Upriver dialect). Oregon: Umatilla Reservation (Downriver dialect).

Language Status

8a (Moribund). Language of registered tribe: Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Nez Perce Tribe.

Dialects

Downriver Nez Perce, Upriver Nez Perce.

Language Use

Shifting to English [eng]. Older adults.

Language Development
A class in Nez Perce is taught on Umatilla Reservation. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. Bible portions: 1845–1876. Conversational Nez Perce taught in Nespelem, Washington. There is a formal program of Nez Perce language instruction at Lewis-Clark State College in Lewiston, Idaho as well as an independent program run by the tribe itself on the Idaho reservation, in Lapwai, Kamiah, and Orofino, Idaho.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Page Views Left: