Guaraní, Ava

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A language of Paraguay

Alternate Names
Apytare, Ava, Chiripá, Tsiripá, Txiripá
Population

2,060 in Paraguay (Crevels 2007), decreasing. Population total all countries: 15,900. Ethnic population: 6,920 (Crevels 2007).

Location

East Paraguay, Central, Canindeyú, Alto Paraná, Caaguazú, Concepción, and Amambay departments. Also in Argentina (Chiripá), Brazil (Chiripá).

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Apapocuva. Similar to Paraguayan Guaraní [gug].

Language Use

All ages. 40% are bilingual in Guaraní [gug], 20% in Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Dictionary. Bible: 2006.
Writing
Latin script.
Other Comments

Most are from Apapocuva group, described by ethnographers. Fewer Spanish loanwords than Guaraní [gug]. Glossonym: Chiripá in Paraguay, Nhandeva in Brazil. Ñandeva is used in the Chaco to refer to Tapiete [tpj], a different but related language. Traditional religion, Christian.

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