Nahuatl, Isthmus-Pajapan


A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Nahuatl del Istmo bajo, Náhuat de Pajapan, Pajapan Nahuatl

6,800 (2000 INALI). 500 monolinguals.


Veracruz state: Pajapan municipality on Gulf of Mexico, Jicacal, San Juan Volador, Santanón, and Sayultepec towns.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


None known. 83% intelligibility of Mecayapan (Isthmus Nahuatl) [nhx], 94% of Oteapan (Cosoleacaque) [nhk].

Language Use

Some young families use Nahuatl, others do not teach it to their children. All domains for older speakers. Some young people, all adults. Negative attitudes. Some also use Spanish [spa]. ; a few also speak a Popoluca language.

Language Development

Taught in primary schools. Grammar. Bible portions: 1990–2009.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

People leave the area for better jobs or trade.

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