Nias

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A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Batu, Nias Selatan
Population

770,000 (2000 census). Ethnic population: 1,042,000 (2011 census).

Location

Sumatera Utara province: Batu, Nias and Mursala islands. Alasa, Sirombu and Mandrehe (Northwest dialect); Gomo, and south in Teluk Dalam and Batu islands (Central dialect).

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

North Nias (Gunung Sitoli), South Nias, West Nias, Northwest Nias, Central Nias.

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, Community; Mixed use: Religion, Work, Education. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Indonesian [ind], but with limited proficiency.

Language Development
Literature. Grammar. Bible: 1911.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

North dialect (particularly Gunung Sitoli) has high prestige and is a lingua franca in Nias. The South dialect (particularly Teluk Dalam variety) has lower prestige, especially in northern Nias, and is considered by many Nias speakers from other areas as unrefined. Christian.

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