Ngaju

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A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Biadju, Dayak Ngaju, Ngadju, Ngaja, Ngaju Dayak, Southwest Barito
Population

890,000 (2003).

Location

Kalimantan Tengah Province, including Kotawaringin Timur, Katingan, Kota Palangka Raya, Pulang Pisau, Kapuas, and Gunung Mas regencies; upper reaches or headwaters of Kapuas, Kahayan, Katingan, and Mentaya rivers.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication). Widely used as LWC for trade in much of Kalimantan, from Barito to Sampit rivers. Used in many domains (church, school, village-level government, market, etc.).

Dialects

Ba’amang (Bara-Bare, Sampit), Katingan Ngaju, Katingan Ngawa, Kahayan, Kahayan Kapuas, Mantangai (Oloh Mangtangai), Pulopetak. Lexical similarity: 75% with Bakumpai [bkr], 62% with Kohin [kkx], 50% with Ot Danum [otd], 35% with Banjar [bjn].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Taught as a subject in Palangkaraya since 1988 (Masinambow and Haenen 2002). Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1858–2005.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

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