A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Manang, Manang Ke, “Manangbhot” (pej.), Manange, Manangi, Nyangmi ke, Nyeshang, Nyeshangte, Nyeshangte Ke, Nyishang

390 (2011 census), decreasing.


Gandaki Zone, Manang district, Upper Manang, Pisang, Dhukur Pokhari, Humde, Ghyaru, Ngawal, Braka, Manang, Tengki, and Khangsar villages; Kathmandu.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Pisang, Manang. Very high intelligibility of Manang dialect by Pisang residents. Lexical similarity: 94% or greater with all varieties of Manangba.


SOV; postpositions; noun head both initial and final; no noun classes or genders; content q-word initial; 1 prefix, up to 2 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person (not strictly person, but aligns with evidentiality); ergativity; aspect; no passives or voice; tonal; 30 consonant and 6 (plus nasalized) vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Fairly strong vitality. Some community involvement in language and culture preservation activities both in home area and in Kathmandu. Mixed use: Home, friends, work. Older adults and elderly. Some use among children, adolescents, and young adults. Positive attitudes. Also use Central Tibetan [bod], especially in religious domains. Also use English [eng], especially in local government schools. Also use Nepali [npi], especially for business and in local government schools.

Language Development
Poetry. New media. TV. Dictionary. Grammar.

Devanagari script [Deva]. Tibetan script [Tibt].

Other Comments

Language has Tibetan influence. Most speakers have the surname Gurung or Ghale, but they do not claim to be a part of these distinct ethnolinguistic groups. Buddhist.

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