A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Manang, Manang Ke, Manangba, Manange, Manangi, Nyangmi, Nyangmi ke, Nyeshang, Nyeshangte Ke, Nyisang, Nyishang, Nyishangba, “Manangbhot” (pej.)
ङ्‍येश्याङ्‍ते‎ (Nyeshangte)

390 (2011 census), decreasing. Ethnic population: 5,000 (2007 K. Hildebrandt).


Gandaki zone: Manang district, Braka, Dhukur Pokhari, Ghyaru, Humde, Khangsar, Manang, upper Manang, Ngawal, Pisang, and Tengki villages; Kathmandu.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Pisang, Manang. Very high intelligibility of Manang dialect by Pisang residents. Lexical similarity: 94% or greater with all varieties of Manangba.


SOV; postpositions; noun head both initial and final; no noun classes or genders; content q-word initial; 1 prefix, up to 2 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person (not strictly person, but aligns with evidentiality); ergativity; aspect; no passives or voice; tonal; 30 consonant and 6 (plus nasalized) vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Fairly strong vitality. Some community involvement in language and culture preservation activities both in home area and in Kathmandu. Mixed use: Home, friends, work. Some young people, all adults. Positive attitudes. Also use Central Tibetan [bod], especially in religious domains. Also use English [eng], especially in local government schools. Also use Nepali [npi], especially for business and in local government schools.

Language Development

TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts.


Devanagari script [Deva]. Tibetan script [Tibt].

Other Comments

Language has Tibetan influence. Most speakers have the surname Gurung or Ghale, but they do not claim to be a part of these distinct ethnolinguistic groups. Buddhist.

Page Views Left: