A language of China

Alternate Names
Naimuci, Naimuzi, Namuzi

5,000 (Bradley 2007a). 200 monolinguals. Mainly older adults. Ethnic population: 5,000 (Bradley 2007b).


Sichuan Province, Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture, Mianning, Muli, Xichang, and Yanyuan counties; southwest Sichuan, Ganzi (Garzê) Tibetan autonomous prefecture, Jiulong (Gyaisi) county.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Tibetan.


Eastern Namuyi, Western Namuyi. Low intelligibility between dialects, with lexical and phonological differences.


SOV; adjectives and number-classifier constructions follow noun heads; compounding; affixation; consonant cluster onsets but no consonantal codas; tense-lax vowel distinction; nasalized and retroflexed vowels; tonal, 4 tones.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. Used by all. Adults born before 1955 use Namuyi with each other. Younger people appear to know Namuyi well, but prefer to converse in Nuosu [iii] or Chinese. Positive attitudes. Some also use Lipo [lpo], Mandarin Chinese [cmn], Northern Pumi [pmi]. Also use Central Tibetan [bod], Ersu [ers].

Language Development

Generally better educated than Yi or Tibetan peoples. Dictionary. Grammar.


Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Buddhist, Daoist.

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