903,000 (1991 UBS).
Ituri province: southeast; Nord-Kivu province: mainly Beni and Lubero territories.
Nande, Kumbule (Ekikumbule), Mate (Ekimate), Tangi (Ekitangi), Sanza (Ekisanza), Shu (Ekishu), Ekisongoora (Nyangala, Songola), Swaga (Ekikira, Ekiswaga), Yira (Ekiyira). Lexical similarity: 75% with Konzo [koo]; 65% with Hunde [hke]; 55% with Tembo [tmv] and Shi [shr]; 45% with Nyoro [nyo], Nyanga [nyj], and Lega-Shabunda [lea]; 40% with Talinga-Bwisi [tlj]; 30% with Bhele [bhy]; 25% with Amba [rwm].
Used as L2 by Bhele [bhy].
Latin script [Latn].
The Konzo (Bakonzo) in Uganda and Nande (Banande) in Democratic Republic of the Congo feel very much one people, the Bayira. They believe they originate from the Ruwenzori Mountains; the mountains belong to them and they to the mountains. This plays a very important role in their traditions and self-image. Christian.