Thai, Northern

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A language of Thailand

Alternate Names
Kam Mu’ang, Kammüang, Kammyang, Khon, Khon Meang, Khon Myang, La Nya, Lan Na, Lanatai, Lanna, Mu’ang, Mung, Myang, Northern Thai, Payap, Phayap, Phyap, Tai Nya, Tai Yon, Tai Yuan, Western Laotian, “Yuan” (pej.)
Population

6,000,000 in Thailand (1983 SIL). Population total all countries: 6,029,500.

Location

Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Lamphun, Lampang, Mae Hong Son, Sukhothai, Nan, Phayao, Phrae, Uttaradit, Tak, and Kamphaeng Phet provinces.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing). De facto language of provincial identity in northern provinces.

Dialects

Bandu, Nan, Tai Wang. Nan dialect is more distinct.

Language Use

88% use Northern Thai in the home, 3% use Central Thai [tha], 10% use both. Also use Thai [tha]. Used as L2 by Eastern Lawa [lwl], Iu Mien [ium], Lü [khb], Mlabri [mra], Mpi [mpz], Phrae Pwo Karen [kjt], Prai [prt], Tai Ya [cuu], Western Lawa [lcp], Yong [yno].

Language Development
Newspapers. NT: 1914.
Writing

Tai Tham (Lanna) script [Lana], limited usage. Thai script [Thai].

Other Comments

Yuan is their term for Vietnamese. The name ‘Phyap’ (Phayap) is Sanskrit, north. Buddhist.

Also spoken in:

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