Thai, Northern

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A language of Thailand

Alternate Names
Kam Mu’ang, Kam Mueang, Kammüang, Kammyang, Khon, Khon Meang, Khon Myang, Khonmuang, La Nya, Lan Na, Lanatai, Lanna, Mu’ang, Mueang, Mung, Myang, Northern Thai, Payap, Phayap, Phyap, Tai Nya, Tai Yon, Tai Yuan, Western Laotian, “Yuan” (pej.)
Population

6,000,000 in Thailand (1983 SIL). Total users in all countries: 6,029,500.

Location

Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Kamphaeng Phet, Lampang, Lamphun, Mae Hong Son, Nan, Phayao, Phrae, Sukhothai, Tak, Uttaradit provinces.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing). De facto language of provincial identity in northern provinces.

Dialects

Nan, Bandu, Tai Wang. Nan dialect is more distinct.

Language Use

Most use Northern Thai in the home. All ages. Some also use Thai [tha]. Used as L2 by Bisu [bzi], Eastern Lawa [lwl], Iu Mien [ium], Lü [khb], Mlabri [mra], Mpi [mpz], Phrae Pwo Karen [kjt], Prai [prt], Tai Ya [cuu], Western Lawa [lcp], Yong [yno].

Language Development
Newspapers. Dictionary. NT: 1914.
Writing

Tai Tham (Lanna) script [Lana], limited usage. Thai script [Thai].

Other Comments

Yuan is their term for Vietnamese. The name ‘Phyap’ (Phayap) is Sanskrit, north. Buddhist.

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