L1 users: 620 (2011 census).
Newfoundland and Labrador province: Natuashish on the mainland, an isolated community in Labrador; Quebec province: Kawawachikamach about 10 km northeast of Schefferville at watershed.
Western Naskapi (Kawawachikamach), Eastern Naskapi (Natuashish).
Naskapi culture was nomadic and completely dependent on the migratory habits of caribou. Caribou hunting and land use still seen as important. Innu Aimun refers to both Eastern Naskapi dialect and Montagnais [moe] but not Western Naskapi. Some linguists have referred to dialect spoken at Natuashish as Eastern Naskapi but currently refer to it as Innu Aimun or Mushuau Innu Aimun.