Miwok, Northern Sierra


A language of United States


No known L1 speakers. Last known speaker survived into the late 1990s.


California: Jackson Rancheria near Westpoint.

Language Status

9 (Dormant). Language of registered tribe: Buena Vista Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California, California Valley Miwok Tribe, Ione Band of Miwok Indians of California, Jackson Band of Miwuk Indians, Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians-Shingle Springs Rancheria (Verona Tract), United Auburn Indian Community of the Auburn Rancheria of California.


None known. Distinct from other Miwok varieties.

Language Use

Only one person is conversationally fluent (Golla 2007). Shifted to English [eng].

Language Development

Dictionary. Sustained community interest in language revival (Golla 2007).

Other Comments

Extensive documentation including numerous audio recordings and videotapes of speakers.

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