Tidung, Northern


A language of Malaysia

Alternate Names
Camucones, Nonukan, Tedong, Tidoeng, Tidong, Tidung, Tiran, Tirones, Tiroon, Zedong

5,000 (2015 J. Lobel). Ethnic population: 20,000 (2015 J. Lobel).


Sabah state: Beluran, Sandakan, and Tawau districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting).


Sesayap (Sesajap), Tarakan (Terakan). There is no inherent intelligibility between Southern Tidung [itd] and Northern Tidung according to speakers of varieties of both languages. Lexical similarity: 65% with Southern Tidung [itd].

Language Use

Home, Work, Market and other informal domains. Adults only. Positive attitudes. All also use Sabah Malay [msi]. Some also use Kalabakan Murut [kve]. Used as L2 by Kalabakan Murut [kve], Sembakung Murut [sbr].

Language Development

Standard Malay [zsm] used in school and formal settings.

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