A language of Canada

Alternate Names
Aht, Nootka, Nutka, Nuucaan’ul, Quuquu’aca, T’aat’aaqsapa, Westcoast

130 (FPCC 2014). 200 semi-speakers (FPCC 2014). Ethnic population: 7,680 (FPCC 2014).


Southwest British Columbia, Pacific Ocean coast of Vancouver Island.

Language Maps
Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct).


Ahousaht, Cheklesaht, Ehattesaht, Hesquiaht, Hupacasath, Huu-ay-aht, Kyuquot, Mowachaht, Muchalaht, Nuchatlaht, Tla-o-qui-aht, Toquaht, Tseshaht, Uchucklesaht, Ucluelet. Reportedly similar to Ditidaht [dtd] and Makah [myh].

Language Use

The language is almost completely replaced by English in both formal and informal domains of use, though significant passive knowledge of the language survives. Ceremonial use.

Language Development
Some dialects of the language are taught in local community schools. Dictionary. Grammar.
Other Comments

The Nuu-chah-nulth Tribe is recognized by the Canadian government, and the Nuu-chah-nulth language is recognized as an individual language by the First Peoples’ Heritage, Language and Culture Council.

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