A language of Viet Nam

Alternate Names
Bu-Nong, Highland Nung, Lungchow, Nong, Tai Nung, Tay, Tày Nùng

969,000 in Viet Nam (2009 census). Based on ethnicity.


Bac Kan, Cao Bang, Ha Giang, Lang Son, Lao Cai, Thai Nguyen, and Tuyen Quang provinces; possibly in Ho Chi Minh City and other southern locations.

Language Status

5* (Developing). Language of recognized ethnic group: Nung.


Xuòng, Giang, Nùng An, Nùng Phan Slình (Nùng Fan Slihng), Nùng Cháo, Nùng Lòi, Nùng Qúy Rin (Guiren), Khen Lài, Nùng Inh. Reportedly similar to Tày [tyz].

Language Use

Ethnic group members preserved the language and culture more than the Tày. Also use Vietnamese [vie]. Used as L2 by Qabiao [laq].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Radio. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1971–1975.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Different from Chinese Nung [yue] (Cantonese). Nùng is an official ethnic community. Traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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