L1 users: 969,000 (2009 census). Ethnic population: 969,000 (2009 census).
North, mainly Cao Bang, Lang Son, Bac Kan, Tuyen Quang, Ha Giang, Lao Cai and Thai Nguyen provinces; possibly in Ho Chi Minh City and other sothern locations.
5 (Developing). Language of recognized ethnic group: Nung.
Xuòng, Giang, Nùng An, Nùng Phan Slình (Nùng Fan Slihng), Nùng Cháo, Nùng Lòi, Nùng Qúy Rin (Guiren), Khen Lài, Nùng Inh. Reportedly similar to Tày [tyz].
Ethnic group members preserved the language and culture more than the Tày. Also use Vietnamese [vie].
Latin script [Latn].
Different from Chinese Nung [yue] (Cantonese). Nùng is an official ethnic community.