Mbembe, Tigon


A language of Cameroon

Alternate Names
Akonto, Tigon, Tigong, Tigum, Tigun, Tikun, cha Mbémbe, chya Mbembe, cya Mbembe

40,000 in Cameroon (2005 SIL), increasing. Based on the actual population of the subdivision where the Tigon Mbembe people are present, as of the official 2005 census (2014 C. Hamm). Total users in all countries: 60,000.


North West region: Donga-Mantung division, Ako subdivision, north of Nkambe.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


Ashuku (Kitsipki), Nama (Dama, Namu), Nzare (Izale, Izare, Ndzale, Njari, Nsare), Kporo, Eneeme.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Cameroon Pidgin [wes], Hausa [hau], Limbum [lmp], Naami [bzv]. Used as L2 by Kemedzung [dmo], Naami [bzv], Sari [asj].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 10%. Literacy rate in L2: 15%–25%. 5% can read and write. Used informally in education. Literature. Radio. Dictionary. Texts. NT: 2018.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Distinct from Mbembe [mfn] of Nigeria, which is in the Cross River group. Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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