A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Oroc, Uilta, Ujlta, Ulta

47 in Russian Federation (2010 census). Ethnic population: 300 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 50.


Sakhalin province: Poronajsk district, Poronajsk town, Gastello and Vakhrushev settlements; Nogliki district, Val village, Nogliki settlement.

Language Status

8a (Moribund).


Poronaisk (Southern Orok), Val-Nogliki (Nogliki-Val, Northern Orok). Significant dialect differences. Formerly officially considered part of Nanai [gld].

Language Use

Seriously endangered (2000 A. Kibrik). Home. Older adults only.

Language Development

A project to create a literary norm in Cyrillic script and teach the language at elementary schools has recently been launched in cooperation with Japanese scholars (Salminen 2007). Dictionary. Grammar.

Other Comments

Scattered. Relinquished traditional way of life. Different from Oroch [oac]. Prevalent intermarriage with Russians, Nivkh, Nanai, Evenksi, Negidal, and Korean people.

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