Manobo, Obo


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Bagobo, Kidapawan Manobo, Manobo, Obo Bagobo

60,000 (2007 SIL). 20,000 monolinguals.


Mindanao, northeast slope of Mount Apo, between Davao del Sur and North Cotabato provinces.

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational).


Kidapawan Manobo, Magpet Manobo, Arakan Manobo, Marilog. 69% intelligibility of Tigwa (Matigsalug Manobo [mbt] reportedly most similar) and 60% of Tagabawa [bgs]. Lexical similarity: 63% with Tagabawa [bgs] and Ilianen Manobo [mbi], 35% with Cebuano [ceb].


VSO, VOS; prepositions; genitives after noun heads; articles, adjectives, and numerals before noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position; 2 maximum prefixes, 1 maximum suffix; ergativity; passives; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC, CVV. CVVC; nontonal.

Language Use

Home, market, church. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Cebuano [ceb], Tagabawa [bgs].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 65%–70%. Literacy rate in L2: 95% in Cebuano [ceb]. Literacy work ongoing. Taught in 3 primary schools (2007 SIL). Taught in 1 secondary school (2007 SIL). New media. Radio programs. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 2011.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

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