A language of France

Alternate Names

110,000 in France (Bernissan 2012). Total users in all countries: 218,310.


Aquitaine, Midi-Pyrénées, and Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur regions: Languedoc-Roussillon except for Pyrenees-Orientales department; Auvergne region: Puy-de-Dome, Cantal, and Haute-Loire departments; Rhône-Alpes region: Loire, Drome, Isere, and Ardeche departments; Limousin region: Haute-Vienne and Correze departments; Poitou-Charentes region: Charentes department.

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Recognized language (2013, No. 595), Education.


Auvergnat (Auverne, Auvernhas), Gascon, Languedocien (Langadoc, Languedoc, Lengadoucian), Limousin (Lemosin), Provençal (Alpine Provençal, Mistralien, Prouvençau). Highly fragmented dialect situation, with limited intelligibility between some varieties.

Language Use

Children who learn it in school cannot communicate in Occitan with their parents (2012). Home, (rural) community. Few children learn the language. Positive attitudes. Also use French [fra].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 99%. Poetry. Magazines. Newspapers. New media. Grammar. Bible: 2013.

Latin script [Latn].

Also spoken in:

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