A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Halung, Halungge, Olangchung Gola, Waling, Walongchung Gola, Walung, Walungchung Gola, Walunggi Keccya

1,170 (2011 census), decreasing. Mostly in original area. High language loss among those who have left the language area. Ethnic population: 1,150 (2011 census).


Mechi zone: Taplejung district, Gunsa and upper Tamar valleys; Kosi zone: small area.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Walung, Topkegola.


Olangchung Gola (Upper Tamar River), Topke Gola (Mewa River), Ghunsa River. High intelligibility of Thudam [thw]. Reportedly similar to Tibetan dialect in Tingay District of Tibet. Lexical similarity: 71% with Lhasa Tibetan [bod], 68% with Dolpo [dre], Loke [loy], and Kyerung (Kyirong) [kgy], 66% with Lhomi [lhm] and Helambu Sherpa [scp], 64% with Nubri [kte], 57% with Jirel [jul], 55% with Sherpa [xsr].

Language Use

Positive attitudes.

Language Development

Tibetan script [Tibt].

Other Comments

Cut off from the Lhomi, with more links to Tibet. Some intermarriage with Lhomi and Tibetan. The people call themselves Sherpa. They do not have a specific language name which groups all varieties of the language together and distinguishes the language from other Tibetan languages. The word “Walungge” comes from a name of one of the main villages in the language area. Buddhist.

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