A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Karel, Karelian, Livvi, Livvikovian, Livvikovskij Jazyk, Olonets, Southern Olonetsian
Livvin kieli

25,600 in Russian Federation (2010 census). Census includes Karelian[krl] and Ludian [lud]. Ethnic population: 65,000. Total users in all countries: 30,770.


Karelia republic: southwest Kondopozhsky, Olonetsky, and west Pryazhinsky districts; Leningrad province.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


None known. Reportedly similar to Karelian [krl] and Finnish [fin].

Language Use

Serious attempt since 1990 to revive language use. Mainly older adults. A few children learn the language but most if not all become more fluent in Russian [rus] later in life (Salminen 2007). Also use Russian [rus].

Language Development

Taught in primary schools. Literature. Newspapers. Radio. TV. Dictionary. Texts. NT: 2003.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Ludian [lud] is transitional between Livvi-Karelian and Veps [vep]. Distinct from Karelian and Ludian.

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