A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Karelian, Livvi, Livvikovian, Livvikovskij Jazyk, Olonets, Southern Olonetsian

25,600 in Russian Federation (2010 census). Census includes Karelian[krl] and Ludian [lud]. Population total all countries: 30,770. Ethnic population: 65,000.


Karelia Republic, Olonetsky, western Pryazhinsky, and southwest Kondopozhsky districts. Also in Finland (Livvi).

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Similar to Karelian [krl] and Finnish [fin].

Language Use

Serious attempt since 1990 to revive language use. Mainly older adults. A few children learn the language but most if not all become more fluent in Russian [rus] later in life (2007). All also use Russian [rus].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Poetry. Newspapers. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. NT: 2003.
Latin script.
Other Comments

Ludian [lud] is transitional between Livvi-Karelian and Veps [vep]. Distinct from Karelian and Ludian.

Also spoken in:

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