1,200 (Li Fengxiang and Whaley 2009). 800 are monolingual. 30% of ethnic group (Salminen 2007). Only 12 fluent speakers in 1990, all over 65 yrs (Li Fengxiang and Whaley 2009). Ethnic population: 8,200 (2000 census).
Heilongjiang Province, Da Hinggan Ling prefecture, Tahe and Huma counties; Heihe prefecture, Xunke county; Yichun prefecture, Jiayin county, Heihe city; Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Hulun Buir league, Oroqen and Butha banners.
8b (Nearly extinct).
Birarchen, Kumarchen, Orochen, Selpechen. Gankui in Inner Mongolia is the standard dialect.
Officially classified within Oroqen (Elunchun) nationality. Maintain native language and customs. Came to China from the Russian Federation. Traditional religion.