Odia

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Odisha, Odri, Odrum, Oliya, Oriya, Uriya, Utkali, Vadiya, Yudhia
Autonym
ଓଡ଼ିଆ‎ (Oḍiā)
Population

32,100,000 (2001 census). Total users in all countries: 32,137,870.

Location

Andhra Pradesh state: Vishakhapatnam district; Chhattisgarh state: Bastar, Raigarh, and Raipur districts; Jharkhand state: Ranchi and Singhbhum districts; West Bengal state: Medinipur (Midnapore) district; Assam and Odisha states.

Language Maps
Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Odisha State (1950, Constitution, Schedule VIII).

Dialects

Mughalbandi (Odia Proper, Standard Odia), Southern Odia, Northwestern Odia, Western Odia (Sambalpuri), North Balasore Odia, Midnapore Odia, Halbi. Lexical similarity: 75%–76% with Sambalpuri [spv], 68% with Kamar [keq]. A member of macrolanguage Oriya [ori].

Typology

SOV; postpositions; gender (masculine/feminine); no articles; case-marking (7 cases); verb affixes mark person, number; passives; tense and aspect; 22 consonant and 11 vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Used as L2 by Bhatri [bgw], Birhor [biy], Bodo Gadaba [gbj], Chhattisgarhi [hne], Duruwa [pci], Eastern Muria [emu], Gata’ [gaq], Ho [hoc], Juang [jun], Kharia [khr], Kharia Thar [ksy], Kisan [xis], Konda-Dora [kfc], Kudmali [kyw], Lodhi [lbm], Mahali [mjx], Mirgan [zrg], Pengo [peg], Sadri [sck].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 64% (2001 census). Literacy rate in L2: 64% (2001 census). Fully developed. Bible: 1815–2004.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Oriya (Odia) script [Orya], primary usage.

Other Comments

Hindu.

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