32,100,000 (2001 census). Total users in all countries: 32,137,870.
Andhra Pradesh state: Vishakhapatnam district; Chhattisgarh state: Bastar, Raigarh, and Raipur districts; Jharkhand state: Ranchi and Singhbhum districts; West Bengal state: Medinipur (Midnapore) district; Assam and Odisha states.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Odisha State (1950, Constitution, Schedule VIII).
SOV; postpositions; gender (masculine/feminine); no articles; case-marking (7 cases); verb affixes mark person, number; passives; tense and aspect; 22 consonant and 11 vowel phonemes.