Odia

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Odisha, Odri, Odrum, Oliya, Oriya, Uriya, Utkali, Vadiya, Yudhia
Autonym
ଓଡ଼ିଆ‎ (Oḍiā)
Population

32,100,000 (2001 census). Total users in all countries: 32,139,520.

Location

Andhra Pradesh state: Vishakhapatnam district; Chhattisgarh state: Bastar, Raigarh, and Raipur districts; Jharkhand state: Ranchi and Singhbhum districts; West Bengal state: Medinipur (Midnapore) district; Assam and Odisha states.

Language Maps
Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Odisha State (1950, Constitution, Schedule VIII).

Dialects

Mughalbandi (Odia Proper, Standard Odia), Southern Odia, Northwestern Odia, North Balasore Odia, Midnapore Odia, Halbi. Lexical similarity: 75%–76% with Sambalpuri [spv], 68% with Kamar [keq]. A member of macrolanguage Oriya [ori].

Typology

SOV; postpositions; gender (masculine/feminine); no articles; case-marking (7 cases); verb affixes mark person, number; passives; tense and aspect; 22 consonant and 11 vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Used as L2 by Bhatri [bgw], Birhor [biy], Bodo Gadaba [gbj], Chhattisgarhi [hne], Duruwa [pci], Eastern Muria [emu], Gata’ [gaq], Ho [hoc], Juang [jun], Kharia [khr], Kharia Thar [ksy], Kisan [xis], Konda-Dora [kfc], Kudmali [kyw], Lodhi [lbm], Mahali [mjx], Mirgan [zrg], Pengo [peg], Sadri [sck].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 64% (2001 census). Literacy rate in L2: 64% (2001 census). Fully developed. Bible: 1815–2004.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Oriya (Odia) script [Orya], primary usage.

Other Comments

Hindu.

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