A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Osetin, Ossete, Ossetian

451,000 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 529,000 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 614,350.


Kabardino-Balkar republic, North Ossetia-Alania republic; north of Ossetic in Georgia.

Language Status

5 (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in North Ossetia-Alania (1993, Constitution, Article 68(2)).


Digor, Iron. Digor and Iron (the major dialect) are mutually unintelligible. Russian [rus] is used as a lingua franca by both groups.

Language Use

Most also use Russian [rus].

Language Development
NT: 2004.

Cyrillic script [Cyrl], used in Russia since 1844 and in Georgia since 1954. Georgian (Mkhedruli and Mtavruli) script [Geor], used in Georgia until 1954. Latin script [Latn], used in Russia during the 1920s–1930s.

Other Comments

Christian, Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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