Otomi, Eastern Highland


A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Eastern Otomi, Otomí de Huehuetla, Otomí de la Sierra, Otomí de la Sierra Madre Oriental, Otomí de la Sierra Oriental, Otomí del Oriente, Sierra Oriental Otomi, Sierra Otomi, Yuhu

49,300 (2007). 4,700 monolinguals.


Hidalgo state: Huehuetla, Otomi de la Sierra Baja, Otomi-Tepehua, and San Bartolo Tutotepec municipalities; Puebla state: Pahuatlan, Pantepec, Tlacuilotepec, Tlaxco municipalities; Veracruz state: Ixhuatlan de Madero and Tlachichilco municipalities.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


None known. 81% intelligibility of Tenango [otn] (most similar), 51% of Mezquital [ote], 70%–79% of Texcatepec [otx].


VOS; short words, affixes, clitics; tonal.

Language Use

Indigenous teachers teach L1 literacy. Positive attitudes. Also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 40%. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1974–2009.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.

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