L1 users: 1,900,000 (1990 census). Total users in all countries: 1,905,430.
Central Luzon region: southwest Nueva Ecija province; Tarlac province; most of Pampanga province west of Pampanga river; Central Visayas region: Zambales province, scattered along east border.
3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of provincial identity in Pampanga and 2 other Luzon provinces (1991, ACFLC Section 3(f)).
Dominant language in Pampanga Province. Used as L2 by Mag-Indi Ayta [blx].